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BMC Plant Biol. 2019 Dec 3;19(1):533. doi: 10.1186/s12870-019-2153-8.

Genome-wide association study (GWAS) for morphological and yield-related traits in an oil palm hybrid (Elaeis oleifera x Elaeis guineensis) population.

Author information

1
Tibaitatá Research Center, Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria, Agrosavia, Bogotá, Colombia.
2
Palmira Research Center, Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria, Agrosavia, Palmira, Colombia.
3
School of Biological Sciences, Washington State University, Pullman, WA, USA. omar.cornejo@wsu.edu.
4
Tibaitatá Research Center, Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria, Agrosavia, Bogotá, Colombia. lbarrero@agrosavia.co.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The genus Elaeis has two species of economic importance for the oil palm agroindustry: Elaeis oleifera (O), native to the Americas, and Elaeis guineensis (G), native to Africa. This work provides to our knowledge, the first association mapping study in an interspecific OxG oil palm population, which shows tolerance to pests and diseases, high oil quality, and acceptable fruit bunch production.

RESULTS:

Using genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS), we identified a total of 3776 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that were used to perform a genome-wide association analysis (GWAS) in 378 OxG hybrid population for 10 agronomic traits. Twelve genomic regions (SNPs) were located near candidate genes implicated in multiple functional categories, such as tissue growth, cellular trafficking, and physiological processes.

CONCLUSIONS:

We provide new insights on genomic regions that mapped on candidate genes involved in plant architecture and yield. These potential candidate genes need to be confirmed for future targeted functional analyses. Associated markers to the traits of interest may be valuable resources for the development of marker-assisted selection in oil palm breeding.

KEYWORDS:

Association mapping; Elaeis guineensis; Elaeis oleifera; Genotyping-by-sequencing; Plant architecture; Yield

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