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Int J Mycobacteriol. 2019 Oct-Dec;8(4):409-411. doi: 10.4103/ijmy.ijmy_133_19.

Esophageal tuberculosis: A rare case report.

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Department of Chest and TB, Government Medical College, Amritsar, Punjab, India.


After a steady decline throughout the 20th century, the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) in industrialized countries has started to rise again. However, in developing countries like India, the menace of TB had never been controlled. Gastrointestinal (GI) TB is rare, and the GI tract is considered only the sixth most frequent site of extrapulmonary TB. Esophageal TB (ET) is still rarer. This is a case report of a rare form of ET in a patient presenting with dysphagia. The patient was subjected to upper GI endoscopy, which revealed an ulcerative growth in the distal esophagus. Histopathology revealed ET. The patient was managed conservatively with anti-TB treatment (ATT). In spite of the rare nature of the disease, it can be managed effectively with ATT to avoid complications (fistula, stricture, and esophageal perforation), which might warrant surgery.


Dysphagia; esophageal ulcers; gastrointestinal tuberculosis

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