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Oral Dis. 2019 Dec 2. doi: 10.1111/odi.13247. [Epub ahead of print]

RhoG/Rac1 signaling pathway involved in migration and invasion of salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma cells.

Xu ZD1,2, Hao T1,2, Gan YH1,2.

Author information

1
Central Laboratory, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing, China.
2
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study aimed to explore whether RhoG/Rac1 was involved in migration and invasion of salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

RhoG and Rac1 were evaluated in two SACC cell lines, namely SACC-83 and SACC-LM, with low and high rates of lung metastasis, respectively. Functional changes were evaluated using cell proliferation, transwell, and wound-healing assays, and molecular events were investigated using real-time PCR and Western blot assays.

RESULTS:

RhoG and Rac1 were highly expressed and more activated in SACC-LM cells than in SACC-83 cells. RhoG overexpression promoted SACC-83 cell migration and invasion through activating Rac1. The knockdown of RhoG or Rac1 partially blocked epiregulin-induced migration and invasion in SACC-83 cells. Epiregulin-induced activation of RhoG/Rac1 in SACC-83 cells was blocked by a Src inhibitor, or an AKT inhibitor or AKT siRNA, or an ERK1/2 inhibitor. Moreover, the epiregulin-induced phosphorylation of AKT and ERK1/2 in SACC-83 cells was blocked by a Src inhibitor, and the epiregulin-induced phosphorylation of ERK1/2 was blocked by an AKT inhibitor or AKT siRNA. Overexpression of activated AKT induced activation of ERK1/2 and RhoG.

CONCLUSIONS:

RhoG/Rac1 signaling pathway was involved in SACC cell migration and invasion. RhoG/Rac1 at least partially mediated epiregulin/Src/AKT/ERK1/2 signaling to promote SACC cell migration and invasion.

KEYWORDS:

AKT; ERK1/2; Rac1; RhoG; SACC; epiregulin

PMID:
31793126
DOI:
10.1111/odi.13247

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