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Biochemistry. 1988 Jul 26;27(15):5824-8.

Thermodynamic parameters and shape of the mycobacterial polymethylpolysaccharide-fatty acid complex.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of California, Berkeley 94720.


Properties of the mycobacterial polymethylpolysaccharide-lipid complex have been investigated by fluorometric techniques. From the dissociation constant for the O-methyglucose polysaccharide-parinaric acid complex at 293 K, a Gibbs free energy (delta G degree) of -33.65 kJ/mol was obtained. The Kd decreased with increasing temperature, giving an enthalpy (delta H degree) of 15.4 kJ/mol. From these data, a molar entropy (delta S degree) of 167.4 J K-1 was obtained. Thus, the reaction is slightly endothermic, but the large positive entropy change leads to an overall negative free energy favoring complex formation. From fluorescence depolarization measurements, the methylglucose polysaccharide-parinaric acid complex appears to display isotropic rotation with a correlation time of 2.55 ns at 23 degrees C. This may be compared to a rotational correlation time of 6.17 ps for free parinaric acid in water at 23 degrees C calculated from the value determined in cyclohexanol at the same temperature, which demonstrates that the mobility of the fatty acid in the complex is restricted. Assuming the complex is spherical, it was calculated to have a diameter of 23-26 A, whereas a helical methyglucose polysaccharide molecule assembled from space-filling models has the dimensions of a cylinder of 18 X 24 A. The polysaccharide and fatty acid chain-length dependence of the interaction shows a discontinuity for helical polysaccharide segments shorter than 12 sugars and for fatty acids shorter than palmitate.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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