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Adv Exp Med Biol. 2019;1180:179-191. doi: 10.1007/978-981-32-9271-0_9.

Advance in Diagnosis of Depressive Disorder.

Fang Y1,2,3, Wu Z4,5.

Author information

1
Clinical Research Center and Division of Mood Disorders, Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. yirufang@aliyun.com.
2
CAS Center for Excellence in Brain Science and Intelligence Technology, Shanghai, China. yirufang@aliyun.com.
3
Shanghai Key Laboratory of Psychotic Disorders, Shanghai, China. yirufang@aliyun.com.
4
Division of Mood Disorders, Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. zhiguo_wu@yeah.net.
5
Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, Shanghai Deji Hospital, Qingdao University, Shanghai, China. zhiguo_wu@yeah.net.

Abstract

Diagnosis for MDD in modern psychiatry has developed for decades based on long traceable historic efforts on conceptualizing the illness. This article reviews the historical background of current diagnostic framework for MDD, diagnostic criteria and two newly added specifiers ("with anxious distress" and "with mixed features" specifiers) of MDD in the DSM-5, the most influential diagnostic instrument in the world, as well as problems and limitations of symptom-based diagnosis for sake of better understanding about the inter-relationship between diagnostic criteria and MDD.

KEYWORDS:

Criterion symptoms; Diagnosis; Major depressive disorder; Specifiers

PMID:
31784963
DOI:
10.1007/978-981-32-9271-0_9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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