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Int J Equity Health. 2019 Nov 29;18(1):186. doi: 10.1186/s12939-019-1099-7.

The effects of poverty reduction policy on health services utilization among the rural poor: a quasi-experimental study in central and western rural China.

Author information

1
School of Medicine and Health Management, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, No 13 Hangkong Road, Qiaokou District, Wuhan, 430030, Hubei, China.
2
School of Medicine and Health Management, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, No 13 Hangkong Road, Qiaokou District, Wuhan, 430030, Hubei, China. zhanglianghust@126.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

China poverty reduction policy (PRP) addresses two important elements: the targeted poverty reduction (TPA) project since 2015 in line with social assistance policy as national policy; and reducing inequality in health services utilization by making provision of medical financial assistance (MFA). Therefore, this study aims to assess the effects of the PRP in health services utilization (both inpatient and outpatient services) among the central and western rural poor of China.

METHODS:

The study conducted household survey and applied propensity score matching (PSM) method to assess the effects of the PRP on health services utilization among the rural poor of Central and Western China. A sensitivity test was also performed on the PSM results to test their robustness.

RESULTS:

Key findings showed 17.6% of respondents were the beneficial of PRP. The average treatment effects on the treated (ATT) of the PRP on the inpatient visits within one year was found significantly positive (Pā€‰=ā€‰0.026).

CONCLUSION:

There has been relationship between PRP with medical financial assistance and reduction of inequality in health services utilization by the poorer, in particular to accessing the inpatient services from the county or township hospitals of China. Policy makers should pay attention for making provision of improving responsiveness of supply, when subsidizing on the demand side.

KEYWORDS:

China; Equality; Financial assistance; Health services; Policy; Poverty

PMID:
31783857
PMCID:
PMC6884802
DOI:
10.1186/s12939-019-1099-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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