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Nucleic Acids Res. 2019 Nov 28. pii: gkz1095. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkz1095. [Epub ahead of print]

Sinorhizobium meliloti YbeY is a zinc-dependent single-strand specific endoribonuclease that plays an important role in 16S ribosomal RNA processing.

Author information

1
Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
2
Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pathobiology, VA-MD College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, USA.
3
Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Abstract

Single-strand specific endoribonuclease YbeY has been shown to play an important role in the processing of the 3' end of the 16S rRNA in Escherichia coli. Lack of YbeY results in the accumulation of the 17S rRNA precursor. In contrast to a previous report, we show that Sinorhizobium meliloti YbeY exhibits endoribonuclease activity on single-stranded RNA substrate but not on the double-stranded substrate. This study also identifies the previously unknown metal ion involved in YbeY function to be Zn2+ and shows that the activity of YbeY is enhanced when the occupancy of zinc is increased. We have identified a pre-16S rRNA precursor that accumulates in the S. meliloti ΔybeY strain. We also show that ΔybeY mutant of Brucella abortus, a mammalian pathogen, also accumulates a similar pre-16S rRNA. The pre-16S species is longer in alpha-proteobacteria than in gamma-proteobacteria. We demonstrate that the YbeY from E. coli and S. meliloti can reciprocally complement the rRNA processing defect in a ΔybeY mutant of the other organism. These results establish YbeY as a zinc-dependent single-strand specific endoribonuclease that functions in 16S rRNA processing in both alpha- and gamma-proteobacteria.

PMID:
31777930
DOI:
10.1093/nar/gkz1095

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