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Int J Prev Med. 2019 Nov 6;10:199. doi: 10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_46_17. eCollection 2019.

Nationwide Epidemiological Study of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Study of Greek General Practitioners Related to Screening.

Author information

1
Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece.
2
Private Family Practice Unit in Heraklion, Crete, Greece.

Abstract

Background:

We aimed to assess general practitioners' (GPs) knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAPs) toward screening recommendation guidelines of the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF).

Methods:

The survey was conducted during a 6-month period in a stratified random sample of GPs, drawn from a national database of GPs in Greece. Participants were queried about their knowledge, attitudes, and self-reported practice patterns regarding screening in a primary care setting. Sociodemographic characteristics associated with vague screening practicing were identified using multivariable logistic regression models.

Results:

A total of 299 participants agreed and underwent telephonic survey (response rate: 78.2%). GPs agreed on the key role of population-based screening in improving patient care, and nine out of ten reported that their performance would be improved with the adoption of computer-based support systems in clinical practice. GPs, older than 50 years of age, those who those practicing for more than 15 years and GPs working in private sector, were less likely to comply with screening recommendations. Latent class analysis revealed that male physicians and those working in public sector were more likely to comply with USPSTF recommendations.

Conclusions:

Our findings highlight the need of educational intervention programs for GPs in order to promote the implementation of national evidence-based screening recommendation statements in clinical practice.

KEYWORDS:

Evidence-based medicine; Greece; general practitioners; public health; screening

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