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Trop Doct. 2019 Nov 26:49475519879357. doi: 10.1177/0049475519879357. [Epub ahead of print]

Hotspots of H1N1 influenza in India: analysis of reported cases and deaths (2010-2017).

Author information

1
Public Health Specialist, Translational Global Health Policy Research Cell, Indian Council of Medical Research Scientist B, Indian Council of Medical Research, National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata, India.
2
Fellow, Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.
3
Pediatrics Consultant and Independent Researcher, Kolkata, India.

Abstract

Influenza A (H1N1) caused significant mortality and morbidity globally. We identified the hotspots for H1N1 influenza in India using cases and deaths reported in the Integrated Disease Surveillance Program between 2010 and 2017. A total of 114,667 cases and 8543 deaths were reported from across India, at an overall case fatality rate of 7.5%. While Maharashtra accounted for 21% of cases and 31% of deaths, Delhi and Gujarat were ranked the highest based on the population-adjusted ranks for morbidity and mortality, respectively. The current analysis identified states and union territories in western India (Delhi, Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Maharashtra) to be especially vulnerable.

KEYWORDS:

H1N1; India; influenza hotspots; pandemic

PMID:
31771428
DOI:
10.1177/0049475519879357

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