Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Microorganisms. 2019 Nov 22;7(12). pii: E602. doi: 10.3390/microorganisms7120602.

Chlamydiae from Down Under: The Curious Cases of Chlamydial Infections in Australia.

Author information

1
Genecology Research Centre, University of the Sunshine Coast, Sippy Downs 4557, Australia.

Abstract

In Australia, the most researched and perhaps the most successful chlamydial species are the human pathogen Chlamydia trachomatis, animal pathogens Chlamydia pecorum and Chlamydia psittaci. C. trachomatis remains the leading cause of sexually transmitted infections in Australians and trachoma in Australian Indigenous populations. C. pecorum is globally recognised as the infamous koala and widespread livestock pathogen, whilst the avian C. psittaci is emerging as a horse pathogen posing zoonotic risks to humans. Certainly not innocuous, the human infections with Chlamydia pneumoniae seem to be less prevalent that other human chlamydial pathogens (namely C. trachomatis). Interestingly, the complete host range for C. pecorum and C. psittaci remains unknown, and infections by other chlamydial organisms in Australian domesticated and wildlife animals are understudied. Considering that chlamydial organisms can be encountered by either host at the human/animal interface, I review the most recent findings of chlamydial organisms infecting Australians, domesticated animals and native wildlife. Furthermore, I also provide commentary from leading Australian Chlamydia experts on challenges and future directions in the Chlamydia research field.

KEYWORDS:

Australia; Chlamydia pecorum; Chlamydia psittaci; Chlamydia trachomatis; avian infections; chlamydial infections; koala; zoonoses

PMID:
31766703
DOI:
10.3390/microorganisms7120602
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Loading ...
Support Center