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Pediatr Emerg Med Pract. 2019 Dec;16(12):1-24. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

Emergency department management of pediatric septic arthritis and osteomyelitis

Author information

1
Pediatric Emergency Medicine Fellow, Department of Emergency Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY.
2
Assistant Professor, Departments of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY.

Abstract

Septic arthritis and osteomyelitis in pediatric patients represent true emergencies, and can quickly threaten life and limb. A high index of suspicion should be maintained, as these conditions often present with a subacute course of illness and vague signs and symptoms. Septic arthritis and osteomyelitis can occur concurrently, so suspicion for one should also prompt investigation for the other. The diagnostic evaluation should include blood work as well as samples from the infected joint or bone for culture. Management with antibiotics is a standard approach, but the duration of antibiotic therapy is controversial. This issue reviews the current literature and provides an evidence-based approach for the evaluation and management of pediatric patients with septic arthritis and osteomyelitis.

PMID:
31765551

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