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West J Med. 1988 Sep;149(3):296-303.

Clinical evaluation and use of urine screening for drug abuse.

Abstract

Urine drug screening is indicated to evaluate patients who show mental status or behavioral changes and to monitor the abstinence of drug abusers. The appropriate timing for collecting urine specimens may vary depending on the suspected drug of abuse and on laboratory factors. Laboratories use a variety of techniques to do urine screens, and these must be understood by clinicians ordering the screens to interpret results correctly. In treating drug-abusing patients, clinicians must apply structured reinforcement in conjunction with urine screen results to aid patients in achieving abstinence.

PMID:
3176489
PMCID:
PMC1026410
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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