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Medicine (Baltimore). 2019 Nov;98(47):e18060. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000018060.

Effects of Gambisan in overweight adults and adults with obesity: A retrospective chart review.

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Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, College of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University.
Department of Korean Medicine, Geumwang Health Subcenter, Bureau of Health Policy, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Seoul, Republic of Korea.



A retrospective chart review was conducted to explore the effect of Gambisan, a granular extract of novel herbal medicine, for short-term (≤16 weeks) weight loss in adults who are overweight and those with obesity.


Outpatients of Kyung Hee University Korean Medicine Hospital (Seoul, Korea) who took Gambisan and underwent bioelectric impedance analysis were selected (Jan 2011 to Dec 2015); their electronic medical records and clinical charts were retrospectively reviewed. The effectiveness of Gambisan was primarily evaluated by comparing body weight (BW) at baseline and endpoint, using paired t tests; the safety of Gambisan was evaluated on the basis of adverse events (AEs) experienced by patients.


Two hundred five patients were included in this study. The study population exhibited a significant reduction in BW (73.69 ± 14.49 kg to 69.01 ± 13.20 kg, P < .001) as well as percentage body fat (37.38 ± 5.38% to 34.50 ± 5.83%, P < .001). Moreover, 111 (54.1%) patients achieved modest weight loss (≥5%), while 35 (17.1%) achieved ≥10% weight loss. Furthermore, Gambisan induced significant reduction of BW in all subgroups (body mass index, sex, prescribed duration, and dosage). Among 139 patients with available data, 79 (56.8%) reported loss-of-appetite. In addition, 120 (mostly mild) AEs were reported in 69 (49.6%) patients, and the most frequent AEs were nausea, palpitation, and insomnia.


Despite limitations in interpreting the results of this retrospective medical record review, Gambisan induced statistically and clinically meaningful weight loss with a tolerable level of AEs. Based on the findings of this review, further well-designed clinical trials are warranted.

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