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Fam Community Health. 2020 Jan/Mar;43(1):59-73. doi: 10.1097/FCH.0000000000000243.

Food Sources of Shortfall Nutrients Among US Adolescents: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2014.

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School of Public Health, University of São Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil (Drs Leme and Philippi); Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas (Drs Baranowski, Thompson, and Nicklas); School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Emeritus Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge (Dr O'Neil); and Nutrition Impact, LLC, Battle Creek, Michigan (Dr Fulgoni).


To identify food sources of shortfall nutrients consumed by adolescents (n = 3156), data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) (2011-2014) were used. Some of the food groups commonly consumed by adolescents made a significant contribution to shortfall nutrient intakes in the diet. Many food sources that provided significant amounts of shortfall nutrients were from foods that also provided nutrients to limit. Awareness of nutrient intakes and food sources is essential to establish dietary guidance in a practical context. Efforts to continue monitoring the food sources of nutrients consumed by adolescents will be important to improve the current knowledge on this topic of research.

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