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Mater Sociomed. 2019 Sep;31(3):219-221. doi: 10.5455/msm.2019.31.219-221.

The Importance and Role of Proprioception in the Elderly: a Short Review.

Author information

1
AMEU-ECM, Maribor, Slovenia.
2
University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Department of Neurosurgery, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
3
Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine Maribor, Slovenia.

Abstract

Introduction:

Aging causes alterations in various body functions, such as motor, sensory, cognitive and psychosocial. One of the factors associated with aging is also the decline in proprioceptive function.

Aim:

This paper provides an overview from the literature about the definition and importance of proprioception and the correlation with the elderly population.

Material and Methods:

The scientific literature was reviewed through PubMed, Medline and Science Direct. The articles were chosen in correlation with the study objective and their scientific relevance.

Results:

Proprioceptive training is fundamental in the rehabilitation and prevention of sports injuries. With the loss of proprioception during aging, the biomechanics of joints and the neuromuscular control of the limbs may change, resulting in impaired balance and a higher possibility of falls. Appropriate and proper physical activity can slow the age-related decline in proprioception.

Conclusion:

An appropriate proprioceptive training is important for maintaining the best possible physical fitness. It encompasses exercises for stability and coordination, stimulates motor learning, helps in maintaining proper body posture and balance, and improves body control.

KEYWORDS:

falls; movement; proprioception; rehabilitation; the elderly

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