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Res Dev Disabil. 2019 Nov 19;96:103516. doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2019.103516. [Epub ahead of print]

Using administrative data to examine variables affecting the mental health of siblings of children who have a developmental disability.

Author information

1
University of Victoria, School of Public Health and Social Policy, V8W 2Y2, Victoria, Canada. Electronic address: smarquis@uvic.ca.
2
University of Victoria, School of Public Health and Social Policy, V8W 2Y2, Victoria, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There is evidence that siblings of children with a developmental disability (DD) experience poorer mental health outcomes and increased stress compared to siblings of non-disabled children. The variables which contribute to this are unclear.

AIMS:

This study was designed to examine population-level and individual variables associated with differences in mental health outcomes among siblings of children who have a variety of developmental disabilities.

METHODS:

Population-level administrative health data covering 1985-2014 for the province of British Columbia, Canada were used to develop a cohort of over 45,000 children who have a sibling with a DD. Individual-level, demographic and health care services variables were used in logistic regression to assess their relationship to diagnoses of depression or other mental health problems.

OUTCOMES:

Odds of a diagnosis of depression or a mental health problem other than depression were associated with sex of the non-disabled sibling, sex of the child with the developmental disability, type of disability, birth order and income.

CONCLUSIONS:

Type of developmental disability, and characteristics of the non-disabled sibling and their family are associated with mental health outcomes of siblings of children with a DD.

KEYWORDS:

Administrative data; Children; Depression; Developmental disability; Mental health; Population level; Siblings

PMID:
31756693
DOI:
10.1016/j.ridd.2019.103516

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