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Mar Pollut Bull. 2020 Jan;150:110714. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.110714. Epub 2019 Nov 18.

A Plasticene Lexicon.

Author information

1
Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, 647 Contees Wharf Rd, Edgewater, MD 21037, USA. Electronic address: haraml@si.edu.
2
Maritime Studies Program, Williams College-Mystic Seaport, 75 Greenmanville Ave., Mystic, CT 06355, USA.
3
Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, 647 Contees Wharf Rd, Edgewater, MD 21037, USA.
4
International Pacific Research Center, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA.

Abstract

As plastic pollution in the environment has increased rapidly in the last half century, so too has the study of the effects of plastic on marine, aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. From this research, a series of new terms has emerged to describe the phenomena unique to the presence of plastic-based materials in nature. In this short note, we bring together disparate neologisms into a single lexicon with the aim to encourage use of a unified vocabulary to describe the new reality of ecological, chemical, and geological systems in the age of plastics.

KEYWORDS:

Anthropocene; Anthropogenic debris; Neolexia; Plastic; Vocabulary

PMID:
31753559
DOI:
10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.110714
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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