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Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2019 Nov 19. doi: 10.1007/s10549-019-05494-4. [Epub ahead of print]

The prognostic value of NRF2 in breast cancer patients: a systematic review with meta-analysis.

Author information

1
CICS-UBI-Centro de Investigação em Ciências da Saúde, Universidade da Beira Interior, Av. Infante D. Henrique, 6200-506, Covilhã, Portugal.
2
GRUBI, Grupo de Revisões Sistemáticas da Universidade da Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal.
3
CICS-UBI-Centro de Investigação em Ciências da Saúde, Universidade da Beira Interior, Av. Infante D. Henrique, 6200-506, Covilhã, Portugal. cramalhinho@fcsaude.ubi.pt.
4
GRUBI, Grupo de Revisões Sistemáticas da Universidade da Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal. cramalhinho@fcsaude.ubi.pt.
5
Centro Hospitalar Universitário Cova da Beira, E.P.E. Quinta do Alvito, 6200-251, Covilhã, Portugal. cramalhinho@fcsaude.ubi.pt.
6
Centro Hospitalar Universitário Cova da Beira, E.P.E. Quinta do Alvito, 6200-251, Covilhã, Portugal.
7
CMA-UBI, Centro de Matemática e Aplicações, Universidade da Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (NRF2) is a transcription factor that plays a major role in the regulation of intracellular antioxidant response. The effect of NRF2 overexpression in many malignancies is still unclear and recent meta-analysis correlated NRF2 overexpression with poor prognosis in a variety of human cancers. However, the effect of NRF2 overexpression in breast cancer is still unclear. Thus, the main goal of this work was to clarify the role of NRF2 expression in survival and relapse of breast cancer patients by performing a systematic review according to PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis) statement, followed by a meta-analysis.

METHODS:

The electronic search was conducted in PubMed, Scopus, SciELO, Web of Science and Embase between November of 2017 and September of 2018. To be included, studies should evaluate NRF2 expression in breast cancer tissue, through immunohistochemistry and/or mRNA and had to report one or more of the following outcomes: overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), mean survival and median survival.

RESULTS:

For the meta-analysis, seven studies were included and NRF2 expression was correlated with OS and DFS. It was observed that compared to patients with low NRF2 expression, patients with NRF2 overexpression had poorer OS with a hazard ratio of 1.82 (95% CI 1.32-2.50; p value < 0.0001), and poorer DFS, with a hazard ratio of 1.79 (95% CI 1.07-3.01; p value = 0.03).

CONCLUSIONS:

These results suggest that tumours that overexpress NRF2 have a worse clinical outcome. Thus, NRF2 expression could be a marker for the prognostic of breast cancer patients and, in the future, it would be pertinent to focus on improving treatment efficacy for patients with NRF2 overexpression.

KEYWORDS:

Breast cancer; Meta-analysis; NRF2; Systematic review

PMID:
31745730
DOI:
10.1007/s10549-019-05494-4

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