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Educ Health (Abingdon). 2019 May-Aug;32(2):79-83. doi: 10.4103/efh.EfH_36_18.

Engaging family medicine residents in research training: An innovative research skills program in Israel.

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Department of Family Medicine, The Ruth and Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Clalit Health Services, Tel Aviv-Yafo, Israel.
Oranim College of Education, Kiryat Tivon, Israel.



The importance of medical research in developing academic and clinical excellence is widely acknowledged. Obstacles hindering research in primary care include negative attitudes, lack of dedicated time, funding shortages, and a relative paucity of mentors. Residency is the appropriate stage for developing research skills and encouraging research performance. In this article, we describe an intensive research training program offered at the family medicine (FM) Department, Technion Faculty of Medicine in Haifa, Israel. The program aims to engage residents in FM in constructing a research protocol to provide them with a positive experience, help them to overcome barriers, and enhance their research performance.


Learning is achieved through a course design that includes the following six components: (1) course website: a platform for online collaborative learning; (2) inverted classroom: theory is learned through website video lectures and presentations during resident's own time according to a guided schedule, while weekly classroom sessions are dedicated to step-by-step implementation of theory, group discussion, and individual mentoring; (3) Peer feedback; (4) personal mentoring; (5) presentation of the protocol to peers and senior department staff at the end of the course; and (6) evaluation of protocol presentation and engagement during the research course as well as possibilities for further development.


Five teams of residents went on to conduct full research projects. Their studies have been presented at seven national and three international conferences, and one has been published. The outcomes of these studies have been useful in FM practices and have inspired residents to continue scholarly work in our department.


Innovation in teaching methods enhances engagement in learning research skills among residents and may encourage them to conduct research in primary care.


Curriculum; education environment; family medicine; inverted/flipped classroom; research skills; small group

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