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Neurol India. 2019 Sep-Oct;67(5):1235-1239. doi: 10.4103/0028-3886.271235.

CT Perfusion for Identification of Patients at Risk for Delayed Cerebral Ischemia during the Acute Phase after Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: A Meta-analysis.

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1
Department of Neurosurgery, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Abstract

Background:

It has been acknowledged that delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) can be diagnosed by computed tomography perfusion (CTP) when it occurs following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH); however, the clinical role of CTP in the prediction of DCI remains unclear. We performed a meta-analysis to investigate the role of CTP in the identification of patients at risk for DCI during the acute phase (<4 days) after aSAH.

Materials and Methods:

Relevant articles were systematically searched for analysis on PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases. The best CTP parameter or the definition of abnormal CTP scan result were collected, and the data with the greatest overall predictive value for DCI was extracted to assess the strength of association between a positive CTP result and an impending DCI. In addition, pooled estimates of sensitivity and specificity were determined.

Results:

Three relevant articles involving 128 patients were included in the analysis wherein DCI developed in 48 patients (37.5%). The pooled odds ratio was 32.15 (95% CI, 9.92-104.21), suggesting that the patients with a positive CTP test in the acute phase after aSAH were approximately 32 times as likely to develop DCI compared with those without aSAH. The pooled sensitivity and specificity of CTP for detecting impending DCI after aSAH was 65% (95% CI: 0.49-0.78) and 91% (95% CI: 0.83-0.96).

Conclusions:

CTP can detect abnormal brain perfusion before the occurrence of DCI. This may allow close monitoring and preemptive therapy for improvement in the prognosis in patients with aSAH.

KEYWORDS:

CT perfusion; delayed cerebral ischemia; meta-analysis; subarachnoid hemorrhage

PMID:
31744949
DOI:
10.4103/0028-3886.271235
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