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J Epidemiol Community Health. 2019 Nov 19. pii: jech-2018-211698. doi: 10.1136/jech-2018-211698. [Epub ahead of print]

Mental health of parents of children with a developmental disability in British Columbia, Canada.

Author information

1
School of Public Health and Social Policy, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada smarquis@uvic.ca.
2
Centre for Health Services and Policy Research, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
3
School of Public Health and Social Policy, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There is evidence in the literature that parents of children who have a developmental disability experience an increased risk of mental health problems.

METHODS:

This study used population-level administrative data from the Ministry of Health, British Columbia, Canada, to assess the mental health of parents of children who have a developmental disability compared with the mental health of parents of children who do not have a developmental disability. Population-level and individual explanatory variables available in the data were included in the models.

RESULTS:

At a population level, the study found strong evidence that parents of children who have a developmental disability experience higher odds of depression or other mental health diagnoses compared with parents of children who do not have a developmental disability. Age of the parent at birth of the child, income and location of healthcare services were all associated with outcomes.

CONCLUSION:

Parents of children who have a developmental disability may be in need of programmes and services that support their mental health.

KEYWORDS:

depression; learning disability; maternal health; mental health; record linkage

PMID:
31744849
DOI:
10.1136/jech-2018-211698
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Conflict of interest statement

Competing interests: SMM received funding through a BC Ministry of Health grant.

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