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Drug Chem Toxicol. 2019 Nov 19:1-7. doi: 10.1080/01480545.2019.1690499. [Epub ahead of print]

Evaluation of curcuma and ginger mixture ability to prevent ROS production induced by bisphenol S: an in vitro study.

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Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy.


The use of bisphenol S (BPS) as a substitute of Bisphenol A is increasing in several products and it can be found in different environmental and biological matrices. Its toxicity has been studied at different levels and one of BPS toxic mechanisms at high concentrations seems to be the induction of oxidative stress through the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). This study evaluates the ability of a curcuma and ginger (CG) mixture to exert an antioxidant effect on rat hepatocytes treated with BPS. The effects of the mixture were compared to those of a well-known antioxidant (Trolox). Three different BPS concentrations were used in order to verify ROS production. 70 µg/mL and 150 µg/mL of BPS generated a significant ROS increase (p < 0.01) as compared to control, while CG mixture was able to decrease this ROS production in hepatic cells, as compared to cells treated with 70 µg/ml of BPS (p < 0.01) restoring control levels. BPS 70 µg/mL was tested for total antioxidant capacity (TEAC), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and total thiols. TEAC and SOD significant decreased (p < 0.05 and p < 0.01, respectively) as compared to controls and CG mixture was able to restore control values. Given the widespread BPS use, results obtained in this study can be of high impact for the community, demonstrating the ability of a mixture of natural products to prevent BPS-induced oxidative stress.


Bisphenol S; ROS; curcuma/ginger mixture; rat hepatocytes

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