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Gynecol Minim Invasive Ther. 2019 Oct 24;8(4):143-148. doi: 10.4103/GMIT.GMIT_7_19. eCollection 2019 Oct-Dec.

Current Treatments for Female Pelvic Floor Dysfunctions.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan.
Institute of Medical Sciences, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan.


As global population aging, the issue of pelvic floor dysfunctions becomes increasingly. Millions of women were affected every year. The treatment of pelvic floor dysfunction has evolved in the past decade. This review aims to provide the current information on the treatment for female pelvic floor dysfunction, including pelvic organ prolapse (POP), urinary, fecal incontinence (FI), and myofascial pelvic pain among women. We used PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science to search for studies that were related to pelvic floor dysfunction regarding the POP, urinary, FI, and treatments. The development of laparoscopic surgery and synthetic and biological materials for pelvic floor reconstructive surgery were summarized. The surgical outcomes and complications of different pelvic floor reconstructive surgeries were compared. New devices for FI and the potential modified pelvic floor reconstructive surgery were also discussed here. Female pelvic medicine will continue to evolve for better treatment in the future. The pelvic floor reconstructive surgery tends to be minimally invasive approach with synthetic graft use.


Fecal incontinence; myofascial pelvic pain; pelvic floor reconstructive surgery; pelvic organ prolapse; urinary incontinence

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