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Z Gastroenterol. 2019 Nov;57(11):1304-1308. doi: 10.1055/a-1016-3698. Epub 2019 Nov 18.

Chronic gastric ulcer disease complicating selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) in a patient with cholangiocellular carcinoma.

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Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University of Graz.
Institute of Pathology, Medical University of Graz.
Department of Radiology, Medical University of Innsbruck.
Department of Visceral, Transplant and Thoracic Surgery, Medical University of Innsbruck.


in English, German

Selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) is a therapeutic option for primary and metastatic liver tumors. Microspheres containing Yttrium 90, a beta-emitting radionuclide, are administered into the hepatic artery allowing selective internal radiation of a liver tumor. SIRT-related complications may appear due to migration of the radiation microspheres to organs distant from the tumor site. In order to prevent these complications, unintended non target embolization of Yttrium microspheres has to be avoided. However, data from external-beam radiation therapy (EBRT) suggests that the stomach/small bowel may actually be less radiosensitive than the liver. Gastric ulcers, a well-known SIRT-related complication, may therefore not only be caused by local radiation but also by unusual accumulation of microspheres in the submucosa and small vessel damage. We herein report a more than two- year-long persisting, highly symptomatic, non-neoplastic ulceration of the gastric antrum leading to pyloric stenosis caused by SIRT therapy with Yttrium 90 microspheres for the treatment of intrahepatic cholangiocellular carcinoma. The chronic courses of the ulcer disease together with the specific histological features highlight the pivotal role of radiation-induced small vessel damage in SIRT-induced adverse events.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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