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Ann Indian Acad Neurol. 2019 Oct-Dec;22(4):384-388. doi: 10.4103/aian.AIAN_199_19. Epub 2019 Oct 25.

William Osler and Harvey Williams Cushing: Friendship Around Neurosurgery.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Institute of Neurology, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.


William Osler was a mentor for the younger William Harvey Cushing and they intermingled careers and friendship for the rest of their lives. They shared a common interest in the anatomy and pathology of neurological disorders, and in the history of medicine. Their behavior was, however, sharply different: Osler was the revered physician, full of wisdom and good humor, and Cushing, the prestigious surgeon, in a perennial and successful struggle to improve neurosurgery and himself. Both became medical icons, one beloved, and the other admired, each praised at their death centennial and 150 birth anniversary, respectively.


History of medicine; William Harvey Cushing; William Osler; medical education; neurology; neurosurgery

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