Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Biomech. 2020 Jan 2;98:109465. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2019.109465. Epub 2019 Oct 31.

Peak of neuromuscular activation and angle where it occurs during bench press exercise performed with different repetition number and duration in resistance trained individuals.

Author information

1
Weight Training Laboratory, School of Physical Education, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.
2
Weight Training Laboratory, School of Physical Education, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Electronic address: fernandolimanet@netscape.net.

Abstract

The present study compared neuromuscular activation, measured by surface electromyography (EMG) amplitude [measure by EMG peak (EMGPEAK)] and range of motion (ROM) where EMGPEAK occurred between two training protocols, matched by time under tension, but with a different number and duration of repetitions. Sixteen recreationally trained males performed 2 training protocols with 3 sets, 180 s of rest with 60% of one-repetition maximum(1RM) on the bench press performed in a Smith machine. Protocol A consisted of 6 repetitions with a repetition duration of 6 s and protocol B consisted of 12 repetitions with a repetition duration of 3 s. EMG activity of anterior deltoid, pectoralis major and triceps brachii muscles were recorded. The results showed a general higher EMG amplitude (regardless of the muscle) in protocol B (p = 0.010), and pectoral and triceps brachii consistently presented higher neuromuscular activation than anterior deltoid at both protocols (p = 0.007). Additionally, the ROM where EMGPEAK occurred in triceps brachii was in the middle of the concentric action (~50% of ROM), this occurred in the first half of the same action (~24% of ROM) in the other muscles. In conclusion, protocol B demonstrated an increased EMG amplitude over protocol A, although both protocols responded similarly by achieving the highest EMG amplitude at same ROM among the muscles analysed.

KEYWORDS:

Electromyography peak; Human movement; Range of motion

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center