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Dent Clin North Am. 2020 Jan;64(1):209-228. doi: 10.1016/j.cden.2019.08.011. Epub 2019 Oct 17.

The Geriatric Syndrome and Oral Health: Navigating Oral Disease Treatment Strategies in the Elderly.

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Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Utah, School of Dentistry, 530 South Wakara Way, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA. Electronic address:


Poor oral health in the geriatric population is being framed as a potentially new geriatric syndrome; an oral and maxillofacial geriatric syndrome. As such, the treatment of oral diseases will require a comprehensive approach that considers the multimorbidity of disease, and polypharmacy that is precipitated/exacerbated by oral and maxillofacial dysfunction. This is challenging because oral diseases are not 1 discrete systemic illness but a combination of many with common causes. This article presents a roadmap approach to evaluate symptoms and apply therapeutic strategies for 5 common oral and maxillofacial dysfunctions seen in the elderly.


Frailty; Geriatric syndrome; Multimorbidity; Oral and maxillofacial dysfunction; Polypharmacy

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