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BMC Psychol. 2019 Nov 14;7(1):72. doi: 10.1186/s40359-019-0348-2.

Minding the adolescent in family-based inpatient treatment for anorexia nervosa: a qualitative study of former inpatients' views on treatment collaboration and staff behaviors.

Author information

1
Regional Department for Eating Disorders, Division of Mental Health and Addiction, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway. uxnilj@ous-hf.no.
2
Department of Psychology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway. uxnilj@ous-hf.no.
3
Regional Department for Eating Disorders, Division of Mental Health and Addiction, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
4
Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
5
Department of Psychology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

For some young persons diagnosed with anorexia nervosa, treatment will inevitably involve phases where hospitalization is required. Inspired by the encouraging evidence-base for outpatient family-based treatment for adolescent anorexia nervosa, clinicians and program developers have started to incorporate outpatient family-based treatment principles into higher levels of care. During family-based inpatient treatment, collaborative efforts are largely directed toward the parents of the adolescent. Consequently, the therapeutic focus on the young person is more of an indirect one. With this study we aimed to understand how young persons with lived experience from a family-based inpatient treatment setting, where the adolescents were admitted together with their parents, viewed therapeutic aspects related to staff-patient collaboration and staff-related behaviors.

METHODS:

Thirty-seven semi-structured interviews of former adolescent inpatients were conducted. Participants' post-treatment reflections were inductively analyzed by applying a thematic analytic framework.

RESULTS:

Based upon user perspectives from a treatment setting highly influenced by a family therapeutic approach, findings revealed that former inpatients prefer tailored treatment and a collaborative approach. Eight subthemes constituting two main themes emerged: 1) There are no ready-made solutions. Staff should facilitate collaboration by tailoring treatment toward the young person's perspectives, and 2) Emphasizing skills that matter. Staff should display a non-judgmental stance, educate patients, stimulate motivation, enable activities and prevent iatrogenic effects during the stay.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study adds valuable user perspectives to the ongoing work with adapting family-based frameworks into higher levels of care. Clinicians could benefit from viewing their practice from the standpoint of the young person's post-treatment reflections. From their unique perspectives as having lived experience and hence, "insider knowledge" with a specific treatment situation, clinicians are reminded of the importance of being mindful on the young persons' views.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescent; Anorexia nervosa; Family-based treatment; Hospitalization; Qualitative research

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