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Medicine (Baltimore). 2019 Nov;98(46):e17977. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000017977.

Case report: A patient coinfected by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato and spotted fever group Rickettsiae in Urumqi, China.

Jiang Y1,2, Hou X1,2, Zhang L1,2, Tan Y3, Lu C3, Xiao D3, Li H3, Hao Q1,2, Wan K1,2.

Author information

1
National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention / State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, Beijing.
2
Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Hangzhou.
3
Department of Neurology, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Hospital, Urumqi, PR China.

Abstract

RATIONALE:

Both Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato and spotted fever group Rickettsiae (SFGR) are pathogens carried by ticks. There is a possibility of co-infection with these tick-borne diseases.

PATIENT CONCERNS:

Male patient, 63 years-of-age, admitted to hospital with skin rash presenting for 1 week and fever with cough and expectoration for 3 days before admission.

DIAGNOSES:

We diagnosed that the patient was co-infected by B burgdorferi sl and SFGR using laboratory test results and the patient's clinical manifestations.

INTERVENTIONS:

The patient started therapy with oral minocycline, then levofloxacin by intravenous injection for SFGR. Meanwhile, he was treated with penicillin G sodium, cefoperazone sulbactam sodium and ceftriaxone by intravenous injection for B burgdorferi sl.

OUTCOMES:

After the patient was in stable condition, he was discharged from hospital.

LESSONS:

This case report highlights the possibility of co-infection by 2 tick-borne diseases in Urumqi, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China. The antibiotic therapy should be based on the detection of pathogenic bacteria, and the different susceptibilities of co-infecting bacteria should be considered.

PMID:
31725662
DOI:
10.1097/MD.0000000000017977
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