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Am J Cardiovasc Drugs. 2019 Nov 14. doi: 10.1007/s40256-019-00380-2. [Epub ahead of print]

Dexmedetomidine Reduces Atrial Fibrillation After Adult Cardiac Surgery: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Author information

1
Department of Intensive Care Unit, Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University, No. 10, Tieyi Road, Haidian District, Beijing, 100038, China.
2
Department of anesthesiology, Beijing Daxing Maternal and Child Care Hospital, Beijing, China.
3
Department of Intensive Care Unit, Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University, No. 10, Tieyi Road, Haidian District, Beijing, 100038, China. heart2008whu@163.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Dexmedetomidine has been shown to have antiarrhythmic effects by exhibiting sympatholytic properties and activating the vagus nerve in preclinical studies. Results from clinical trials of dexmedetomidine on atrial fibrillation (AF) following adult cardiac surgery are controversial.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

We searched EMBASE, PubMed and Cochrane CENTRAL databases for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the antiarrhythmic effect of dexmedetomidine versus placebo or other anesthetic drugs in adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery. The primary outcome was the incidence of AF. The secondary outcomes were ventricular arrhythmias [ventricular fibrillation (VF), ventricular tachycardia (VT)], mechanical ventilation (MV) duration, intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay, and hospital length of stay, and all-cause mortality.

RESULTS:

Thirteen trials with a total of 1684 study patients were selected. Compared with controls, dexmedetomidine significantly reduced the incidence of postoperative AF [odds ratio (OR) 0.75; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.58-0.97; P = 0.03] and VT (OR 0.23; 95% CI 0.11-0.48; P < 0.0001). No significant difference for the incidence of VF existed (OR 0.80; 95% CI 0.21-3.03; P = 0.74). There was no significant difference between groups in MV duration [weighted mean difference (WMD) - 0.10; 95% CI - 0.42 to 0.21; P = 0.52], postoperative ICU stay (WMD - 0.49; 95% CI - 2.64 to 1.66; P = 0.65), hospital stay (WMD - 0.01; 95% CI - 0.16 to 0.13; P = 0.88) and mortality (OR 0.59; 95% CI 0.15-2.37; P = 0.46).

CONCLUSIONS:

Perioperative administration of dexmedetomidine in adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery reduced the incidence of postoperative AF and VT. But there was no significant difference in incidence of VF, MV duration, ICU stay, hospital stay and mortality.

PMID:
31724106
DOI:
10.1007/s40256-019-00380-2

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