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Phys Biol. 2019 Dec 3;17(1):016004. doi: 10.1088/1478-3975/ab576c.

Stochastic cell renewal process and lengthening of cell cycle.

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Instituto de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento-J.M.Gutierrez 1150, (1613) Los Polvorines, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas- Buenos Aires, Argentina.


Evolution of the stem cell population responsible for homeostatic cell renewal processes is analyzed. We assume that this regime is the product of a delicate balance between symmetric divisions that, after each cell cycle, originates a new stem cell or its disappearance (through cell differentiation). This dynamics leads to a monoclonal population, that is for an initial homogeneous set of stem cells, fixation of each clone is equiprobable. In this work we show that if there is an altered stem cell with a longer cell cycle than the rest, the fixation of this altered clone is more likely. We also study the consequeces of the appearance of successive alterations with these characteristics and their fixations. This effect is purely due to inherent characteristics of the cell renewal dynamics and as time goes by it leads to a quiescence state for stem cells owing to the recurrent fixation of such altered cells. Therefore it would contribute to the aging process.


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