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J Med Chem. 1988 Oct;31(10):1968-71.

Arylpiperazine derivatives as high-affinity 5-HT1A serotonin ligands.

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Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond 23298-0581.


Although simple arylpiperazines are commonly considered to be moderately selective for 5-HT1B serotonin binding sites, N4-substitution of such compounds can enhance their affinity for 5-HT1A sites and/or decrease their affinity for 5-HT1B sites. A small series of 4-substituted 1-arylpiperazines was prepared in an attempt to develop agents with high affinity for 5-HT1A sites. Derivatives where the aryl portion is phenyl, 2-methoxyphenyl, or 1-naphthyl, and the 4-substituent is either a phthalimido or benzamido group at a distance of four methylene units away from the piperazine 4-position, display high affinity for these sites. One of these compounds, 1-(2-methoxyphenyl)-4-[4-(2-phthalimido)butyl]piperazine (18), possesses a higher affinity than 5-HT and represents the highest affinity (Ki = 0.6 nM) agent yet reported for 5-HT1A sites.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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