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Am J Ophthalmol. 2020 Feb;210:41-47. doi: 10.1016/j.ajo.2019.11.001. Epub 2019 Nov 9.

Association of Age-Related Macular Degeneration on Alzheimer or Parkinson Disease: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Author information

1
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Seoul National University Graduate School, Seoul, South Korea.
2
Department of Petroleum Chemistry, American University of Nigeria, Yola, Nigeria.
3
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Seoul National University Graduate School, Seoul, South Korea; Department of Family Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address: smpark.snuh@gmail.com.
4
Department of Ophthalmology, St. Vincent's Hospital, Catholic University of Korea, Suwon, South Korea. Electronic address: doj087@mail.harvard.edu.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine the association of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) with Alzheimer disease (AD) and Parkinson disease (PD).

DESIGN:

Retrospective cohort study.

METHODS:

The study population consisted of 308,340 participants aged 50 years or older from the Korean National Health Insurance Service-Health Screening Cohort. After exclusion of participants with AMD during 2002, participants were detected for AMD during 2003-2005. Starting from January 1, 2006, all participants were followed up for AD and PD until December 31, 2013. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression was used to calculate the adjusted hazard ratios (aHRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for AD and PD risk.

RESULTS:

Compared to non-AMD participants, AMD patients had higher risk for AD (aHR 1.48, 95% CI 1.25-1.74) and PD (aHR 1.46, 95% CI 1.14-1.88). The risk-increasing association of AMD with AD (aHR 2.25, 95% CI 1.39-3.66) and PD (aHR 2.02, 95% CI 1.00-4.08) were preserved among participants who were never-smokers, did not consume alcohol, and exercised regularly. Finally, AMD was associated with higher risk of AD (aHR 1.96, 95% CI 1.46-2.65 for age <70 years and aHR 1.53, 95% CI 1.26-1.86 for age ≥70 years) and PD (aHR 1.90, 95% CI 1.29-2.80 for age <70 years and aHR 1.47, 95% CI 1.06-2.04 for age ≥70 years) according to subgroups divided by age.

CONCLUSIONS:

Compared to non-AMD participants, AMD patients had higher risk for AD and PD even among those with healthy lifestyle behaviors. Patients with AMD must be closely monitored for possible subsequent development of AD or PD.

PMID:
31712068
DOI:
10.1016/j.ajo.2019.11.001

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