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Sci Rep. 2019 Nov 8;9(1):16334. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-52600-z.

Enhanced immobilization of Prussian blue through hydrogel formation by polymerization of acrylic acid for radioactive cesium adsorption.

Author information

1
Korea Institute of Civil Engineering and Building Technology, 283, Goyandae-ro, Ilsanseo-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do, 10223, Korea.
2
Korea Institute of Civil Engineering and Building Technology, 283, Goyandae-ro, Ilsanseo-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do, 10223, Korea. kangsw93@kict.re.kr.
3
Korea Basic Science Institute, 162, Yeongudanji-ro, Ochang-eup, Cheongju, 28119, Korea.
4
Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, 111, Daedeok-daero 989Beon-gil, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 34057, Korea.
5
Seoul National University of Science and Technology, 232 Gongneung-ro, Nowon-gu, Seoul, 01811, Korea.
6
Seoul National University of Science and Technology, 232 Gongneung-ro, Nowon-gu, Seoul, 01811, Korea. yhhwang@seoultech.ac.kr.

Abstract

In this study, a hydrogel impregnated with powder activated carbon (PAC), MAA-PAC, was synthesized through the polymerization of acrylic acid (AA) and PB was immobilized using the carboxyl group of AA. In this process, an adsorbent with an enhancement of PB content and stability of immobilization was developed through the additional supply of Fe3+ ions by the layer by layer (LBL) assembly. XRD, FT-IR, SEM (EDS), TEM (EDS, mapping), and TG analyzes of the LBL and non-LBL groups were performed to confirm the change of PB content in the adsorbent as the LBL assembly was applied. The stability of PB immobilization was confirmed during the washing process after the synthesis of the adsorbent. When the LBL assembly process was applied as a PB immobilization strategy, the PB content in the adsorbent was improved and PB leakage was not observed during the washing process. The maximum adsorption (qm) for cesium in the MAA-PAC-PB LBL group that showed high PB content was 40.03 mg/g, and the adsorption isotherm was more suitable for the Langmuir model than the Freundlich model. The LBL group showed a high removal efficiency of 99.81% and a high DF value (525.88) for radioactive cesium (120 Bq/g). These results demonstrate the potential efficiency of the MAA-PAC-PB LBL group for the decontamination of radioactive cesium-contaminated water systems. Furthermore, it was verified that the LBL group of MAA-PAC-PB could be used as an adsorbent without an additional design of the existing water treatment facility. This can an economical decontamination method for removing radioactive cesium.

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