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Eur Urol Focus. 2019 Nov 5. pii: S2405-4569(19)30292-5. doi: 10.1016/j.euf.2019.09.016. [Epub ahead of print]

Evaluation of Incisional Negative Pressure Wound Therapy in the Prevention of Surgical Site Occurrences After Radical Cystectomy: A New Addition to Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Protocol.

Author information

1
The James Buchanan Brady Urological Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA; Department of Urology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA. Electronic address: gjoice1@jhmi.edu.
2
Department of Urology, "Sant'Andrea" Hospital, "La Sapienza" University, Rome, Italy.
3
The James Buchanan Brady Urological Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA; Department of Urology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Surgical site infection (SSI) remains a significant complication after radical cystectomy (RC). Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) focuses on interventions to decrease length of stay, but few address wound-related complications directly.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the impact that prophylactic incisional negative pressure wound therapy (iNPWT) will have to reduce the rate of surgical site occurrences (SSOs = SSI + seroma + superficial dehiscence) after RC.

DESIGN, SETTINGS, AND PARTICIPANTS:

We retrospectively reviewed patients undergoing RC by a single surgeon from 2012 to 2017. As part of our ERAS pathway, we employed prophylactic iNPWT during abdominal closure and compared it with a contemporary cohort of standard wound closure.

OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS:

We compared 90-d SSIs, SSOs, and readmissions between iNPWT and standard skin staple closure. Univariate and multivariate regressions were used to compare the two groups.

RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS:

We identified 158 (104 iNPWT, 54 standard) patients from 2012 to 2017. The rates of SSIs and SSOs were 9.7% and 19.0%, respectively. The overall readmission rate for the cohort was 21.5%, with 4.4% of patients requiring readmission for SSI. The iNPWT group had lower rates of SSIs (5.8% vs 16.7%, p = 0.03) and SSOs (11.5% vs 33.3%, p < 0.01). There was no difference between the groups for readmission (21.1% vs 22.2%, p = 0.5). The iNPWT protected against both SSI (odds ratio [OR] 0.89, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.81-0.98) and 90-d SSO (OR 0.77, 95% CI: 0.68-0.87).

CONCLUSIONS:

Prophylactic iNPWT is feasible after RC with a modest decrease in both 90-d SSIs and 90-d SSOs, but not readmissions. Wound closure assisted by iNPWT should be considered in RC ERAS pathways.

PATIENT SUMMARY:

In this report, we looked at the impact of new vacuum suction dressing on the prevention of surgical infections after radical cystectomy (RC). We found that this wound dressing can decrease the impact of surgical infections and aid in recovery after RC.

KEYWORDS:

Enhanced recovery; Outcomes; Radical cystectomy; Surgical site infection

PMID:
31704281
DOI:
10.1016/j.euf.2019.09.016

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