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BMC Genomics. 2019 Nov 7;20(1):817. doi: 10.1186/s12864-019-6201-4.

Integrated mRNA and small RNA sequencing reveals microRNA regulatory network associated with internode elongation in sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.).

Qiu L1,2, Chen R1,2, Fan Y1,2, Huang X1,2, Luo H1,2, Xiong F2, Liu J1,2, Zhang R1,2, Lei J1,2, Zhou H1,2, Wu J3,4, Li Y5,6.

Author information

1
Sugarcane Research Institute, Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences/Sugarcane Research Center, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, East Daxue Road 172, Nanning, 530004, Guangxi, China.
2
Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Biotechnology and Genetic Improvement (Guangxi), Ministry of Agriculture, and Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Genetic Improvement, Nanning, Guangxi, China.
3
Sugarcane Research Institute, Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences/Sugarcane Research Center, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, East Daxue Road 172, Nanning, 530004, Guangxi, China. wujianming2004@126.com.
4
Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Biotechnology and Genetic Improvement (Guangxi), Ministry of Agriculture, and Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Genetic Improvement, Nanning, Guangxi, China. wujianming2004@126.com.
5
Sugarcane Research Institute, Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences/Sugarcane Research Center, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, East Daxue Road 172, Nanning, 530004, Guangxi, China. liyr5745@126.com.
6
Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Biotechnology and Genetic Improvement (Guangxi), Ministry of Agriculture, and Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Genetic Improvement, Nanning, Guangxi, China. liyr5745@126.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Internode elongation is one of the most important traits in sugarcane because of its relation to crop productivity. Understanding the microRNA (miRNA) and mRNA expression profiles related to sugarcane internode elongation would help develop molecular improvement strategies but they are not yet well-investigated. To identify genes and miRNAs involved in internode elongation, the cDNA and small RNA libraries from the pre-elongation stage (EI), early elongation stage (EII) and rapid elongation stage (EIII) were sequenced and their expression were studied.

RESULTS:

Based on the sequencing results, 499,495,518 reads and 80,745 unigenes were identified from stem internodes of sugarcane. The comparisons of EI vs. EII, EI vs. EIII, and EII vs. EIII identified 493, 5035 and 3041 differentially expressed genes, respectively. Further analysis revealed that the differentially expressed genes were enriched in the GO terms oxidoreductase activity and tetrapyrrole binding. KEGG pathway annotation showed significant enrichment in "zeatin biosynthesis", "nitrogen metabolism" and "plant hormone signal transduction", which might be participating in internode elongation. miRNA identification showed 241 known miRNAs and 245 novel candidate miRNAs. By pairwise comparison, 11, 42 and 26 differentially expressed miRNAs were identified from EI and EII, EI and EIII, and EII and EIII comparisons, respectively. The target prediction revealed that the genes involved in "zeatin biosynthesis", "nitrogen metabolism" and "plant hormone signal transduction" pathways are targets of the miRNAs. We found that the known miRNAs miR2592-y, miR1520-x, miR390-x, miR5658-x, miR6169-x and miR8154-x were likely regulators of genes with internode elongation in sugarcane.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results of this study provided a global view of mRNA and miRNA regulation during sugarcane internode elongation. A genetic network of miRNA-mRNA was identified with miRNA-mediated gene expression as a mechanism in sugarcane internode elongation. Such evidence will be valuable for further investigations of the molecular regulatory mechanisms underpinning sugarcane growth and development.

KEYWORDS:

Next-generation sequencing; Nitrogen metabolism; Plant hormone signal transduction; Transcriptome; Zeatin biosynthesis

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