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Exp Gerontol. 2019 Nov 4;129:110769. doi: 10.1016/j.exger.2019.110769. [Epub ahead of print]

17α-Estradiol promotes ovarian aging in growth hormone receptor knockout mice, but not wild-type littermates.

Author information

1
Faculdade de Veterinária, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil.
2
Faculdade de Nutrição, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil.
3
College of Medicine, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA.
4
Edison Biotechnology Institute and Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine, Ohio University, Athens, OH, USA.
5
Department of Internal Medicine, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL, USA; Department of Physiology, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL, USA.
6
Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA; Reynolds Oklahoma Center on Aging, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA; Harold Hamm Diabetes Center, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA.
7
Faculdade de Nutrição, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil. Electronic address: augusto.schneider@ufpel.edu.br.

Abstract

Growth hormone receptor knockout mice (GHRKO) have reduced body size and increased insulin sensitivity. These mice are known for having extended lifespan, healthspan and female reproductive longevity. Seventeen α-estradiol (17α-E2) is reported to increase insulin sensitivity and extend lifespan in male mice, with less robust effects in female mice. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ovarian reserve in wild type and GHRKO mice treated with 17α-E2. The mice were divided into four groups, GHRKO mice receiving a standard chow diet, GHRKO mice treated 17α-E2, wild type mice receiving a standard chow diet and WT mice treated with 17α-E2. 17α-E2 was provided in the diet for four months. IGF1 plasma concentrations and changes in body weight were assessed. Histological slides were prepared from the ovaries and the number of follicles was counted. GHRKO mice receiving the control diet had a greater number of primordial follicles and lower numbers of primary follicles compared to the other groups (p < 0.05). 17α-E2 treatment decreased the number of primordial follicles in GHRKO mice (p < 0.05), however had no effect in wild type mice. Treatment with 17α-E2 had no significant effect on the change in body weight during the experiment (p = 0.75). Plasma IGF1 concentrations were significantly lower in GHRKO mice as compared to wild type. In conclusion, we found that GHRKO mice displayed lesser primordial follicle activation as compared to wild type mice, but this phenotype was reversed by 17α-E2 administration, suggesting that ovarian aging is increased by 17α-E2 in long-living mice with extended reproductive longevity.

KEYWORDS:

Follicles; Ovarian aging; Ovarian reserve; Reproductive lifespan

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