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Elife. 2019 Nov 7;8. pii: e50900. doi: 10.7554/eLife.50900.

Crumbs organizes the transport machinery by regulating apical levels of PI(4,5)P2 in Drosophila.

Author information

1
Max-Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics (MPI-CBG), Dresden, Germany.
2
The Biotechnological Center of the TU Dresden (BIOTEC), Dresden, Germany.

Abstract

An efficient vectorial intracellular transport machinery depends on a well-established apico-basal polarity and is a prerequisite for the function of secretory epithelia. Despite extensive knowledge on individual trafficking pathways, little is known about the mechanisms coordinating their temporal and spatial regulation. Here, we report that the polarity protein Crumbs is essential for apical plasma membrane phospholipid-homeostasis and efficient apical secretion. Through recruiting βHeavy-Spectrin and MyosinV to the apical membrane, Crumbs maintains the Rab6-, Rab11- and Rab30-dependent trafficking and regulates the lipid phosphatases Pten and Ocrl. Crumbs knock-down results in increased apical levels of PI(4,5)P2 and formation of a novel, Moesin- and PI(4,5)P2-enriched apical membrane sac containing microvilli-like structures. Our results identify Crumbs as an essential hub required to maintain the organization of the apical membrane and the physiological activity of the larval salivary gland.

KEYWORDS:

D. melanogaster; cell biology; cell polarity; epithelial cells; live imaging

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