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Exp Cell Res. 1988 Oct;178(2):264-72.

Effects of anti-C23 (nucleolin) antibody on transcription of ribosomal DNA in Chironomus salivary gland cells.

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Department of Medical Cell Biology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.


Protein C23 (also called nucleolin or 100-kDa nucleolar protein) is a major nucleolar phosphoprotein involved in ribosome biogenesis. To determine the effects of protein C23 on preribosomal RNA (pre-rRNA) synthesis anti-C23 antiserum was microinjected into nuclei of Chironomus tentans salivary glands. Transcription was measured by incubation of the glands with 32P-labeled RNA precorsors followed by microdissection of nucleoli, RNA extraction, and electrophoretic analyses. Injection of the anti-C23 antibody caused a 2- to 3.5-fold stimulation of 32P incorporation into 38S pre-rRNA. No stimulation was observed in salivary glands injected with preimmune serum or antiserum preabsorbed with protein C23. The stimulatory effect was selective for pre-rRNA as indicated by the lack of stimulation of 32P incorporation into extranucleolar RNA. Injection of the antiserum produced little or no effect on pre-RNA processing as measured by the relative amounts of 32P-labeled intermediate cleavage products of pre-rRNA in stimulated versus control glands. When protein extracts of Chironomus tentans salivary gland nuclei were probed on Western blots with anti-C23 antibody the predominant cross-reacting species was a 110-kDa polypeptide which had an electrophoretic mobility similar to that of protein C23. These results suggest that protein C23 not only is involved in ribosome assembly but also plays a role in regulating the transcription of the preribosomal RNA.

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