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J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol. 2019 Dec;24(4):477-482. doi: 10.1142/S2424835519500620.

Value of the Two-Point Discrimination Test: Evaluation of 238 Isolated Finger Nerve Injuries.

Author information

1
Department for Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Academic Hospital Feldkirch, Feldkirch, Austria.
2
Clinic of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Hand Surgery, Traunstein, Germany.
3
Departement of Hand, Plastic, Reconstructive and Burn Surgery, BG Trauma Center, Eberhard Karls University, Tuebingen, Germany.

Abstract

Background: It may be difficult to diagnose a nerve injury on a finger or a hand under emergency settings. The goal of this study was to elaborate whether the clinical testing of two-point discrimination was a safe and reliable method in the diagnosis of acute finger nerve injuries. Methods: Through a retrospective assessment, patients' records were analyzed whether the result of the two-point discrimination test corresponded with the intraoperative findings of a damaged nerve. Patients with a prolonged or missing two-point discrimination, who had undergone surgery at our institution between the years 2008 and 2017, were included in the study. The control groups were identified in the same manner and as an additional group, patients with Dupuytren's contracture were included to serve as a healthy cohort regarding finger nerves. Results: A total of 249 patients with nerve lesion were enrolled in the study; apart from this, 25 patients with Dupuytren's contracture were included. The sensitivity of the two-point discrimination test was 99%, with a positive predictive value of 0.93 and with high inter-observer reliability. Conclusions: The two-point discrimination is a valid test to use in the routine examination of suspected nerve injuries on the hands and fingers; it is very reliable and safe for indicating surgical interventions.

KEYWORDS:

2PD test; Nerve injury; Two-point discrimination test

PMID:
31690192
DOI:
10.1142/S2424835519500620

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