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Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2019 Oct 31;2019(10). doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD003698.pub3.

Community pharmacy personnel interventions for smoking cessation.

Author information

1
University of South Australia, School of Health Sciences, City East Campus, Frome Road, Adelaide, Australia, 5001.
2
University of Oxford, Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, Oxford, UK.
3
The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Central Adelaide Local Health Network, Respiratory Medicine Unit, Adelaide, Australia.
4
The University of Queensland, Habit Research Group, School of Public Health, Public Health Building, Herston Road, Herston Road, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, 4030.
5
The University of South Australia, School of Pharmacy and Medical Science, Adelaide, Australia.
6
The Basil Hetzel Institute for Translational Health Research, Therapeutics Research Centre, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, Woodville South, Australia.
7
University of Aberdeen, Division of Applied Health Sciences, Polwarth Building, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, UK, AB25 2ZD.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Community pharmacists could provide effective smoking cessation treatment because they offer easy access to members of the community. They are well placed to provide both advice on the correct use of smoking cessation products and behavioural support to aid smoking cessation.

OBJECTIVES:

To assess the effectiveness of interventions delivered by community pharmacy personnel to assist people to stop smoking, with or without concurrent use of pharmacotherapy.

SEARCH METHODS:

We searched the Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group Specialised Register, along with clinicaltrials.gov and the ICTRP, for smoking cessation studies conducted in a community pharmacy setting, using the search terms pharmacist* or pharmacy or pharmacies. Date of the most recent search: January 2019.

SELECTION CRITERIA:

Randomised controlled trials of interventions delivered by community pharmacy personnel to promote smoking cessation amongst their clients who were smokers, compared with usual pharmacy support or any less intensive programme. The main outcome measure was smoking cessation rates at six months or more after the start of the intervention.

DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS:

We used standard methodological procedures expected by Cochrane for study screening, data extraction and management. We conducted a meta-analysis using a Mantel-Haenszel random-effects model to generate risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs).

MAIN RESULTS:

We identified seven studies including 1774 participants. We judged three studies to be at high risk of bias and four to be at unclear risk. Each study provided face-to-face behavioural support delivered by pharmacy staff, and required pharmacy personnel training. Typically such programmes comprised support starting before quit day and continuing with weekly appointments for several weeks afterwards. Comparators were either minimal or less intensive behavioural support for smoking cessation, typically comprising a few minutes of one-off advice on how to quit. Participants in both intervention and control arms received equivalent smoking cessation pharmacotherapy in all but one study. All studies took place in high-income countries, and recruited participants visiting pharmacies. We pooled six studies of 1614 participants and detected a benefit of more intensive behavioural smoking cessation interventions delivered by community pharmacy personnel compared with less intensive cessation interventions at longest follow-up (RR 2.30, 95% CI 1.33 to 3.97; I2 = 54%; low-certainty evidence).

AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS:

Community pharmacists can provide effective behavioural support to people trying to stop smoking. However, this conclusion is based on low-certainty evidence, limited by risk of bias and imprecision. Further research could change this conclusion.

Update of

PMID:
31684695
PMCID:
PMC6822095
[Available on 2020-10-31]
DOI:
10.1002/14651858.CD003698.pub3

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