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J Forensic Dent Sci. 2019 Jan-Apr;11(1):28-34. doi: 10.4103/jfo.jfds_12_19.

Baseline data of facial parameters in the population of Haryana: An anthropometric study.

Author information

1
Department of Oral Anatomy, Post Graduate Institute of Dental Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India.
2
Department of Oral Pathology, Post Graduate Institute of Dental Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India.

Abstract

Context:

Anthropometry plays an important role in the assessment of ethnicity and identification of an individual. There is paucity of literature on various facial parameters in Haryanvi population. Thus, the present study was an initiation to collect this database in Haryanvi population.

Aim:

The aim of the present study was to create a database of craniofacial parameters of Haryanvi population.

Materials and Methods:

The study was conducted on 300 individuals of Haryanvi ethnicity. A digital vernier caliper was used for the measurement of facial parameters.

Statistical Analysis:

Chi-square test, t-test, and Pearson's correlation test were used for finding the difference between the measurements for various parameters.

Results:

In the present study, mesoprosopic was the predominant facial phenotype in both males and females. A significant sexual dimorphism was found between all the facial parameters measured in the study. However, upper facial height and facial index did not follow the same pattern in relation to gender determination.

Conclusion:

Based on the present study findings, we conclude that craniofacial parameters could be used as an important tool to assess the ethnicity and gender of an individual. In addition, our data could be used as a baseline for further studies in the identification of a Haryanvi individual.

KEYWORDS:

Anthropometry; Haryanvi; ethnicity; facial index; identification

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