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J Forensic Dent Sci. 2019 Jan-Apr;11(1):5-10. doi: 10.4103/jfo.jfds_55_19.

Digitization in forensic odontology: A paradigm shift in forensic investigations.

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Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Swami Devi Dyal Dental College, Panchkula, Haryana, India.
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, New Horizon Dental College, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, India.
Department of Periodontology, National Dental College and Hospital, Mohali, Punjab, India.


Forensic dentistry deals with proper handling, examination, and evaluation of dental records, which are then presented in the interest of law for justice. It plays a major role in identification of deceased individuals who cannot be identified visually or by other means after mass disasters or crimes. Digital forensics has revolutionized the traditional forensic investigations in terms of acquisition, analysis, and reporting of forensic evidence and its application is becoming common in the mass disasters, earthquakes, and terrorism. Sophistication of software and advent of digital technologies such as computers, computer-aided design computer-aided manufacturing systems, digital records, facial reconstruction, touch-free autopsy, and virtopsy has resulted in quick identification and extraction of a large amount of data with reduced sampling bias. This paper focuses on the evolution of forensic dentistry for effective detection and resolution of medico-legal matters and also highlights the use of comparison microscopes and new robotic tools by few forensic laboratories for automation of deoxyribonucleic acid sampling processes for human identification.


Digital; forensics; identification; technology; three-dimensional

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