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Int J Biol Macromol. 2020 Mar 1;146:1142-1160. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2019.09.239. Epub 2019 Oct 31.

Structural and functional characterization of D109H and R69C mutant versions of human αB-crystallin: The biochemical pathomechanism underlying cataract and myopathy development.

Author information

1
Protein Chemistry Laboratory (PCL), Department of Biology, College of Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.
2
Protein Chemistry Laboratory (PCL), Department of Biology, College of Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran. Electronic address: ryousefi@shirazu.ac.ir.
3
Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Kosygin str. 4, Moscow 119991, Russia.
4
Bach Institute of Biochemistry, Research Center of Biotechnology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 33, bld. 2 Leninsky Ave., Moscow 119071, Russia.
5
Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics (IBB), University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

In human αB-crystallin (αB-Cry), the highly conserved residues arginine 69 (R69) and aspartate 109 (D109) are located within a critical motif of α-crystallin domain (ACD), contributing to the subunit interactions and oligomeric assembly. Recently, two missense mutations (R69C and D109H) in human αB-Cry have been reported to cause congenital cataract and myopathy disorders. We used various spectroscopic techniques, dynamic light scattering (DLS), small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), gel electrophoresis and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to show how these mutations cause significant changes in structure, amyloidogenic feature and biological function of human αB-Cry. These pathogenic mutations resulted in the important alterations of the secondary, tertiary and oligomeric (quaternary) structures of human αB-Cry. The missense mutations were also capable to significantly increase the amyloidogenic propensity of human αB-Cry and to diminish the chaperone-like activity of this protein. The above mentioned changes were observed more noticeably after D109H mutation. The detrimental effects of D109H mutation may be due to the loss of salt bridge with R120 in the dimeric interface, flagging the anti-aggregation ability of αB-Cry chaperone. In conclusion, the R69C and D109H mutations displayed a significant damaging effect on the structure and chaperone function of human αB-Cry which could be considered as their biochemical pathomechanisms in development of congenital cataract and myopathy disorders.

KEYWORDS:

Amyloid fibrils; Chaperone function; Congenital cataract; Human αB-crystallin; Structure

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