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Acta Neurol Scand. 2019 Nov 1. doi: 10.1111/ane.13188. [Epub ahead of print]

The Five-Items Memory Screen-Extended Variant: a tool for assessing memory.

Author information

1
University of Gothenburg Sahlgrenska Academy, Neurochemistry and Psychiatry.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

The detection of memory impairment is an important part of dementia screening. However, the scope of memory measures in current screening batteries is limited. There is a need for a short yet sensitive instrument for early detection of memory impairment that could serve as a complement to existing globally oriented screening tests, e.g. MMSE. To that end, the current study investigates the sensitivity and psychometric properties of the memory screening instrument The Five-Items Memory Screen -Extended Variant (FIMS-XV).

METHODS:

Hundred-and-forty-five participants included in the Gothenburg Mild Cognitive Impairment Study - 27 patients with Subjective Cognitive Impairment (SCI), 73 with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), and 45 with Mild dementia - underwent cognitive screening including the MMSE and FIMS-XV. Ninety participants also underwent extensive neuropsychological testing.

RESULTS:

The FIMS -XV showed high internal consistency and strong correlations with established neuropsychological memory tests. Both the FIMS-XVdelayed recall score and the FIMS-XV total score differentiated mild dementia patients from patients with SCI and MCI.

CONCLUSIONS:

The FIMS-XV shows promise as a sensitive tool for screening for memory impairment in all putative phases of dementia.

KEYWORDS:

Dementia; Mild cognitive impairment; Neuropsychology

PMID:
31675428
DOI:
10.1111/ane.13188

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