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Soc Work Health Care. 2019 Nov-Dec;58(10):919-935. doi: 10.1080/00981389.2019.1679321. Epub 2019 Nov 1.

Diabetes stigma, parent depressive symptoms and Type-1 diabetes glycemic control in India.

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School for Social Work, Smith College, Northampton, USA.
Humphrey School for Public Affairs, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA.
Diabetes Research, Education And Management (DREAM) Trust, Nagpur, India.


Diabetes distress and stigma have been associated with worse patient outcomes in developed countries. However, diabetes stigma has not been studied in low and middle-income countries where clinical practices differ, diabetes awareness is lower, and families face different challenges for supporting children with Type 1 Diabetes (T1D). This study assessed the relationship between parental depression and diabetes stigma with a child's glycemic control in a clinic-based survey in Nagpur, India. The association between self-reported T1D stigma, depressive symptoms, and child's measured glycemic control (HbA1C) was assessed with data from 165 of the parents of school-aged (aged 5+) children receiving clinical T1D care at an urban nonprofit organization that provides free clinical care to children with Type-1 Diabetes (T1D) in India. Parents with moderate/severe depressive symptoms who experience stigma associated with their child's diabetes had children with significantly worse glycemic control than parents with no/mild depressive symptoms who experience the same amount of stigma. Higher reports of stigma were associated with an average of 0.65 points higher HbA1C (β = 0.65, 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 0.18, 1.13) for parents with moderate/severe than parents with mild/no depressive symptoms. Indian parents with depressive symptoms who face social stigma associated with their child's diabetes have children with worse T1D outcomes.


Diabetes mellitus; India; Type 1; depression; stigma

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