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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1988 Sep 7;950(3):282-95.

Differential expression of the human insulin-like growth factor II gene. Characterization of the IGF-II mRNAs and an mRNA encoding a putative IGF-II-associated protein.

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Laboratory for Physiological Chemistry, State University of Utrecht, The Netherlands.


Insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II) is a polypeptide of 67 amino acids which is thought to play an important role in fetal growth and development. The human IGF-II gene is situated on chromosome 11, very close to the insulin gene. It extends over 30 kb of chromosomal DNA and consists of five noncoding exons (exons 1-4 and 4B) followed by three protein encoding exons (exons 5-7), one of which (exon 7) contains a long 3'-untranslated region. Here we show that differential initiation of transcription can occur at three distinct promoter sites, resulting in the appearance of mRNA species of different lengths. These promoters show a tissue-specific and a development-specific regulation of expression. Furthermore, we have determined the entire nucleotide sequence of the 3'-terminal exon, exon 7, which is about 4 kb long and contains 3.8 kb of 3'-untranslated sequences. This completes the elucidation of the human IGF-II gene structure. Surprisingly, Northern blot analysis of fetal and adult RNA with a probe derived from the 3'-nontranslated region of exon 7 detects a novel 1.8 kb mRNA which appears to be coordinately expressed with the IGF-II mRNAs. In vitro translation of this 1.8 kb mRNA results in the formation of a translation product of 8.3 kDa, which compares well with the size of a predicted translation product from a 252-nucleotides-long open reading frame.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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