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Fam Syst Health. 2019 Dec;37(4):291-301. doi: 10.1037/fsh0000449. Epub 2019 Oct 31.

Looking beyond the individual: How family demands and capabilities affect family adjustment following pediatric solid organ transplant.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology.
2
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine.
3
Division of Behavioral Medicine and Clinical Psychology.
4
Department of Pediatrics.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Better family adjustment following pediatric solid organ transplantation has been associated with a number of beneficial medical and psychosocial outcomes. Yet few studies have examined which pretransplant variables are associated with posttransplant family adjustment. This information can aid in identifying families that may need support going into the transplantation process and those who are at lower risk of worse posttransplant adjustment.

METHOD:

The sample included 66 parents of children with solid organ transplants and 22 children with solid organ transplants. Information regarding demographic factors, parent and child emotional functioning, and child social support was collected during the child's pretransplant evaluation and information on family adjustment was collected 6 months after transplantation.

RESULTS:

Results indicated that pretransplant demands such as worse parent and child emotional functioning were related to worse family adjustment 6 months after transplantation. Pretransplant capabilities (i.e., higher family income, parent education level, parent marital status, child social support) were not associated with posttransplant family adjustment.

DISCUSSION:

Pretransplant family demands such as parent and child emotional functioning, as opposed to family capabilities, should be assessed by family health care team members prior to transplantation because they may be related to worse family adjustment after the transplant. We offer recommendations for ways to assess and, if indicated, intervene upon pretransplant family demands in an effort to decrease the risk of worse posttransplant family adjustment. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).

PMID:
31670545
DOI:
10.1037/fsh0000449

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