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Lung India. 2019 Nov-Dec;36(6):506-511. doi: 10.4103/lungindia.lungindia_13_19.

Predictors and microbiology of ventilator-associated pneumonia among patients with exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Author information

1
Department of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
2
Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
3
Department of Biostatistics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Abstract

Background:

Understanding the risk factors and microbiology of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is important for the application of preventive and therapeutic interventions. Therefore, this study was planned to assess the clinical predictors and microbiological features of VAP among COPD patients.

Materials and Methods:

This prospective study involved patients with exacerbation of COPD who required mechanical ventilation and admitted in respiratory intensive care unit at a tertiary care teaching hospital. Various baseline demographic and clinical features were compared between patients with VAP and without VAP. Univariate and multivariable analyses were done to assess the impact of demographic and clinical features on the development of VAP.

Results:

The study included 100 intubated patients with age (mean ± standard deviation [SD]) of 62.45 ± 8.32 years, duration (median) of COPD of 6 years, and Acute Physiology, Age, and Chronic Health Evaluation score (mean ± SD) of 18.60 ± 4.30. In this cohort, 17 patients developed VAP. Multivariable analysis showed that Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score at admission, re-intubation, and history of previous hospitalization were independent predictors of VAP with odds ratio (95% confidence interval) of 2.70 (1.24, 5.63; P = 0.012), 66.96 (4.86, 922.72; P = 0.002), and 35.92 (2.84, 454.63; P = 0.006), respectively. Acinetobacter baumannii was the most frequent organism (n = 8; 47%), followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae (n = 5; 29%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (n = 1; 6%), and Enterobacter spp. (n = 1; 6%). All organisms were multidrug resistant (MDR).

Conclusions:

SOFA score at admission, re-intubation, and history of previous hospitalization were independent predictors of VAP. Antimicrobial therapy for VAP should cover MDR Gram-negative organisms.

KEYWORDS:

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; pathogens; predictor; ventilator-associated pneumonia

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