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J Optom. 2020 Jan - Mar;13(1):59-68. doi: 10.1016/j.optom.2019.06.004. Epub 2019 Oct 25.

The relationship between clinical measures of aniseikonia and stereoacuity before and after LASIK.

Author information

1
Universitiy Eye Hospital Svjetlost, Medical School University of Rijeka, Zagreb, Croatia. Electronic address: vana.mravicic@svjetlost.hr.
2
Universitiy Eye Hospital Svjetlost, Medical School University of Rijeka, Zagreb, Croatia.
3
Clinical Hospital Rijeka, Medical School University of Rijeka, Rijeka, Croatia.
4
NHS Scotland, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine the significance of changes and and inter-relationships between three markers of binocular function (aniseikonia, distance and near stereoacuity) following unremarkable LASIK at 3 and 6 months postoperatively.

METHODS:

All patients underwent LASIK using the Schwind Amaris 750S and the flaps were created using Intralase 150 kHz. Patients were I, monocular myopes II, binocular myopes III, binocular hyperopes IV, binocular astigmats V, anisometropes and VI, matched age and gender control (n = 20 in each group except III where n = 18). Aniseikonia (Awaya test), distance and near stereoacuity (Randot tests) were measured before surgery, and at 3 and 6 months after surgery. At all times data were collected under constant conditions and analyzed using appropriate non-parametric statistical tests.

RESULTS:

The following statistically significant changes were found after applying the Bonferroni correction (p ≤ 0.001); aniseikonia reduced (groups I, III, IV, V), stereoacuity improved at distance (groups I, III-V) and near (groups I, V). Inter-group differences in aniseikonia distance and near stereoacuity were significant preoperatively, but not postoperatively. In groups I, IV and V, the changes in aniseikonia and stereoacuity (near and distance) were significantly correlated with the preoperative value. Aniseikonia was significantly correlated with distance and near stereoacuity preoperatively but not postoperatively.

CONCLUSION:

Binocular function improved in all groups after LASIK except in binocular myopes. In general, binocular function was still low compared with the control group at six months postoperatively. It is unclear why binocular function improved in the binocular astigmats.

KEYWORDS:

Aniseiconía; Aniseikonia; Anisometropia; Anisometropía; Astigmatism; Astigmatismo; Distance and near stereoacuity; Estereoagudeza de lejos y de cerca; LASIK

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